What can I do for knee pain?
Brian Yee PT, MPhty, OCS, FAAOMPT
Treating knee pain depends on the location and severity of the symptoms. If it is swollen, you should apply cold packs, compress, and elevate it to reduce swelling. You should consider contacting a qualified physician or physical therapist to assess your injury.
If things are clear for any significant injury – and as swelling calms – determining where the location of knee pain helps guide things you can do to treat it.
Commonly pain is in either behind the knee cap or along the inside border. You may get a diagnosis of chondromalcia patella or patelofemoral pain which indicates that your knee cap is not tracking correctly along its groove. And with this pain, and most other types of knee pain – the pain usually originates from poor lower extremity mechanics, not just at the knee itself but at the hip and foot as well.
You have to look at the knee as a junction between two different stilts, one from above from the hip and femur, and one from below from the ankle/foot and shin. If the hip and/or ankle/foot are do not have the proper strength or flexibility many times the knee suffers increased stress and torque to it.
Exercises are then based on not only getting the knee stronger – but also improving the flexibility/strength of the entire leg.