Spine

 

Low Back Pain: Multifidus CSA Changes in Athletes

Hides JA, Stanton W, McMahon S, et al. Effect of stabilization training on multifidus muscle cross-sectional area among young elite cricketers with low back pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2008;38(3):101-108. This study reinforces previous studies on low back pain, and the need to perform specific stabilization techniques to improve pain and function rated scores. In this study, cross sectional area (CSA) of lumbar multifidus was found to be assyemtrical in size at the L5 level in young elite crickters with low back pain. With specific retraining of the transversus abdominis, pelvic floor, and lumbar multifidus, athletes with low back pain had improvements in CSA and reports in decrease pain. General exercise strategies for core stabilization need to be specified,…

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Increased Spending on Low Back Pain

Martin BI, Deyo RA, Mirza SK, et al. Expenditures and health status among adults with back and neck problems. JAMA 2008;299(6):656-664. In this article, this study examined national expenditures for back and neck problems or related trends from 1997 to 2005. In 1997, the mean medical expenditures with spine problems was $4695 compared with $2731 among those without spine problems. In 2005, the mean medical expenditures with spine problems was $6096, compared with $3516 among those without spine problems. And total estimated expenditures among those with spine problems increased 65% in this time, without significant reports in improvements in health status measures. Although expenditures for outpatient visits accounted for the largest proportion of total cost, the greatest relative increase among…

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Cervicogenic Headache Treatment

Jull GA, Trott P, Potter, H, et al. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Exercise and Manipulative Therapy for Cervicogenic Headache. Spine 2002;27(17):1835-1843. This randomized controlled trial is a great resource for the treatment of cervicogenic headaches. This study demonstrated that patients with cervicogenic headaches had signicificantly reduced headaches after 12 month follow-ups with the use of manual therapy and specific exercises when compared to a control group that resumed normal activity. Specific exercise consisted mainly of activating the longus colli or deep neck flexors. 10% more patients gained relief with combined manual therapies and exercise regimens than compared to isolated treatment techniques. In further blog entries, we will explore the role of the longus colli and other cervico-scapular muscles for…

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Core Stability: Role of the Transversus Abdominis

Welcome to the Motion Stability Recurrent Injury Blog! !

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Motion Stability